Museums of St. Petersburg. Museums. St. Petersburg. Saint Petersburg. Sights of Moscow. Excursions to St. Petersburg museums.
SIGHTS ST. PETERSBURG
MONASTERY AND CATHEDRAL
St. Isaac's Cathedral
The golden dome of bulky St Isaac's Cathedral (Isaakievsky sobor), looming just south of ploshchad Dekabristov, dominates the St Petersburg skyline. The Frenchman Ricard de Montferrand won a
competition organised by Alexander 1 to design the cathedral in 1818. It took so long to build-until 1858 - that Alexander's successor Nicholas 1 was able to insist on a more grandiose structure than
Montferrand had planned. Special ships and a railway had to be built to carry the granite for the huge pillars from Finland. There's a statue of Montferrand holding a model of the cathedral on the
St.Isaac's Cathedral is a remarkable monument of Russian architecture. This
grand structure filled up the space of the Senate Square, and created a new
square as well. Alongside with the Peter and Paul's Cathedral and the
Admiralty it became an important architectural landmark in the city outline.
The golden dome of St.Isaac's can be seen from any part of the city, and in
clear weather - even from the suburbs.
The history of the construction began in 1710, when the first wooden church
was put up in honor of St.Isaac of Dalmatia; it was on St.Isaac's day,
according to the Orthodox calendar, that Peter I was born. The present
Cathedral is the fourth erected on the site. In the early 19th century a
contest was arranged for the best project of a new cathedral, in which the
most well-known architects took part. In 1818 Alexander I approved a project
submitted by A.Montferrand, a talented drawer who had just arrived from Paris;
however, he had had but little experience in architecture.
It took forty years to build the cathedral. Three years after the construction
had started it came to a halt because of a number of mistakes made in the
project and during the building process. A special commission of notable
Russian architects was formed. In 1825 the construction works were resumed
according to the corrected project. Lots of complicated engineering problems
were to be solved for the first time in history.
In 1828, even before the walls were erected, installation of the 48 monolithic
columns was started, that were to form the porticoes, each weighing about 110
tons. The ideas of A.Betancourt, an engineer, made it possible to raise the
67-ton granite columns to the height of 40 m and install them around the dome
St.Isaac's Cathedral is one of the largest domed structures in the world. The
building, being rectangular in its layout, rose 101.5 m high. Having the area
of 4 thousand sguare meters, the Cathedral can hold up to 12 thousand people.
The dome is of an original construction, practically including three domes,
placed one over other.
The cathedral, faced with light-gray marble from Olonetsk, was completed by
1842; however, it took sixteen years more to decorate the interior. A lot of
valuable materials were used, among them lazurite, malachite, porphyry, all
kinds of marbles. The walls and vaults of the cathedral bear paintings and
mosaic works made by well-known Russian artists: C.Briullov, F.Bruni, P.Basin,
P.Shebuyev and others. On the whole more than 200 artists took part in the
works. The great plafond of the big dome with the area of more than 700 square
meters was painted by C.Briullov.
Both inside and outside the cathedral is decorated with sculptures made to the
designs by I.Vitali, N.Pimenov, A.Loganovsky, P.Klodt and others. It was for
the first time that the galvanoplastics method developed by B.Yakoby was used
for making monumental sculptures.
The cathedral, that stands out for its grandeur, was sanctified in 1858 and
became the main church in Saint-Petersburg.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT MUSEUM:
- 1, St. Isaac's Square (Isaakiyevskaya Ploschad)
- Metro - Gostinyy Dvor or Nevsky Prospekt.
- Open Thursday through Tuesday, from 11.00 am to 06.00 pm.
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