Museums of St. Petersburg. Museums. St. Petersburg. Saint Petersburg. Sights of Moscow. Excursions to St. Petersburg museums.
SIGHTS ST. PETERSBURG
MONASTERY AND CATHEDRAL
Aleksander Nevsky Monastery
Aexander Nevsky Lavra ensemble is located at the end of Nevsky Prospekt,
between Alexander Nevsky Square and the Obvodny Canal, at the confluence of
the Monastyrka and Neva rivers; it is considered to be one of the largest
architectural ensembles in St. Petersburg.
It was founded by Peter I in 1710 as the Monastery of the Holy Trinity and
Saint Grand Duke Alexander Nevsky in honor of the victory over the Swedes won
in 1240. In 1712—13 the first wooden Annunciation Church was put up on the
left bank of the Monastyrka (or Chiornaya) River, and in 1717 construction of
the monastery buildings in stone was started. In 1724 the remains of Alexander
Nevsky were on Peter's order transferred from the city of Vladimir to the
Blagoveshchenskaya (Annunciation) Church, newly built of stone (in 1790 the
silver shrine with the relics was transferred to the Holy Trinity Cathedral).
Peter I assigned utmost importance to the monastery. The monastery trained
priests of high rank for the Orthodox Church. In 1720 printing-works were
established in the monastery, then a Slovenian school for middle class
children, followed, in 1726, by the Slavonic, Greek and Latin Seminary and,
further, by the Theological Academy. In 1797 the monastery got the lavra
After the revolution, in 1918, the monastery was closed down; many of the
historical relics and works of art were transferred to the Hermitage, the
Russian Museum and other places. In 1923 a Necropolis-Museum was established
on part of the territory (since 1939 called the Museum of City Sculpture).
Construction works went on all through the 19th century. The ensemble was
completed by I.Starov, who was the author of the Holy Trinity Cathedral
(1776-90). While directing the construction works he was at the same time
renovating the adjacent territory, forming thereby a new square (named after
Alexander Nevsky). He enclosed the square within a semicircle of stone walls
and erected a gate-church and two houses at the entrance, thus linking the
lavra ensemble with Nevsky Prospekt. The Holy Trinity Cathedral completed one
of the oldest city ensembles.
Most part of the territory is taken up by the Metropolitant Garden and the
cemeteries: the Lazarevskoye (18th-century Necropolis), Tikhvinskoye
(Necropolis of the Men of Art) and Nikolskoye (founded in 1861) cemeteries.
Many outstanding Russian men of culture, statesmen, military and public
leaders were buried here.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT MUSEUM:
- The very end of Nevsky Avenue (Aleksander Nevsky Square)
- Metro station - Ploschad' Aleksandra Nevskogo.
- Open Tuesday through Thursday, from 10.30 am to 04.00 pm.
- Closed Monday, Friday.
PAGES OF THE PICTURE ALBUM