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TRIP TO IRKUTSK AND LAKE BAIKAL

IRKUTSK CHRONOLOGY


Irkutsk is one of the great Siberian cities and by right considers itself the capital of Eastern Siberia Irkutsk is located at almost the very center of Asia (52'17" North 104'16' East) It is approximately on the same latitude as Orenburg, Saratov Voronezh, Warsaw and Berlin It is 5042 kilometers and 5 time zones from Moscow, and 8 time zones from Greenwich.
 

1661

Yakob Pakhabov announced mYenseisk ln the present year 169 [ 1661 ], on the sixth day of July, opposite the Irkut River on the Verkholensky side, a new state fort was established with the help of the army The towers are ready and the roof is on State gram storage is being built by the army This place is the best and most fitting for farmland Pastures hay production good fishing everything is near by

1686

Irkutsk fort is given the status of a town

1690

On February 18, Irkutsk receives an emblem and seal from the Siberian Department

1698

In April the merchant Spiridon Lingusov arrives in Irkutsk with goods from China It was a beginning of caravanned trade between Russia and China

1701

A stone administration building is erected in the Irkutsk fortress Semyon llyanovich Remizov's Siberian Plan Book was published, which included map of "The City of Irkutsk"

1719

Irkutsk became the capital of one of the provinces m the newly-founded Siberian Guberniya (Province transl.)

1727

On January 15, the independent diocese of Irkutsk was founded The first bishop was Innokent Kul'chitsky

1731

Irkutsk received the designation of a provincial town The commanders were named vice-governors

1736

Siberia Province was divided into two Tobolskaya and Irkutskaya

1745

The first stone private house in Irkutsk was built

1757

A police department for Irkutsk was founded

1764

On October 19 an order was issued concerning the renaming of Siberia as the Siberian Kingdom and Irkutsk Provmtiya (Province transl.) as Irkutsk Guberniya ("Province")

1765

March 15, the newly-founded Irkutsk Guberniya was opened The first governor was Major-General Karl L'vovich Frayendorf

1768

A decision was made regarding the founding of markets in Irkutsk

1776

Irkutsk merchant Grigoriy Shelikhov sent his first merchant ship "Saint Pavel" to America

1781

In February the first city school was opened in Irkutsk. 130 students entered the school.

1783

Siberia was divided into three vice-gerencies Tobolskoye, Irkutskoye and Kolibanskoye. Irkutsk s first vice-generency was the Lieutenant-General Ivan Varpholomeyevich Yakobi

1785

The first provincial typography was opened

1787

January 1st the city Duma was triumphantly opened

1791

On his way to exile in Ilimsk the author of the disgraced book Travels from
Petersburg to Moscow, Alexander Nikolayevich Radischev arrived in Irkutsk in December He stayed less than two weeks He acquainted himself with Grigory Shehkhov attended the theater and city educational institutions.

1796

By decree, from December 12th, Siberia was divided into two guberniyas Tobolskaya and Irkutskaya, with "additions to each from parts of Kolivanskaya vice-generency, which has been abolished"

1798

A doctor's board was opened

1799

Irkutsk s first pharmacy was opened A jail was built

1805

At the order of Alexander I, from April 22 the north-eastern section of Irkutsk
Guberniya became Irkutsk Oblast and the oblast' government in Nerchinsk was abolished, and the Irkutsk Guberniya was divided into 7 districts, joined with the city Okhotsk

1822

On January 26, under the orders of Alexander I, Siberia was divided into West
and East Siberia both under the administration of a General Governor The first General-Governor of Eastern Siberia was Alexander Stepanovich Labmsky On October 25 the General Soviet of Eastern Siberia was opened in Irkutsk

1825

At the end of the first quarter of the 19th century, in Irkutsk there were 14,411
residents In Siberia, only Tobolsk had more than Irkutsk Irkutsk was first in Siberia in the number of merchants (136) the number of stone houses (56) colleges and city gardens Moreover, Irkutsk had the most churches (15)

1826

In August, exiled Decembrists arrived in Irkutsk

1839

The merchant Mikhail Boldakov opened Irkutsk's first privately-owned public
library

1849

The construction of a wooden theater began Petrashevtsi [members of a revolutionary movement] were exiled to Irkutsk

1851

On June 6, a request for the founding of the Siberian Department of the Imperial
Russian Geographical Society was approved the first scientific society in Siberia The opening of the department took place on November 17

1858

On May 16, the General-Governor of Eastern Siberia Nikolai Muraviyev signed
the Aigunsky Treaty with China, concerning the annexation of the Amur River banks by Russia

1859

On July 12, a military school was opened in Irkutsk

1861

A public library was opened in Irkutsk

1863

Two Chinese persons from Maimachen opened the first store of Chinese products in Irkutsk
In June, the Polish rebels of 1863 began to arrive, most between the ages of 17 and 25 They were exiled to various points in Siberia
Thanks to the efforts of the Russian Geographical Society in Irkutsk, Poles such as I Chersky B Dibovsky and A Chekanovksy came to Irkutsk where they later became famous researchers
In this same year the society of doctors of Eastern Siberia was founded The primary goals of the society scientific unity of doctors the study of the climate, the nature of life and sickness in Eastern Siberia

1864

In the beginning of the year a telegraph line was strung to Irkutsk On January 1st,
the first telegram was sent to Petersburg The reply was received in 17 hours

1864

The road from Irkutsk to Posolsk was opened The first kindergarten for 4-8 years old children was opened

1871

A laboratory opened for the alloying of gold (the present-day Scientific-Investigatory Institute of Rare and Non ferrous Metals)

1873

A new theater was built on the site of the 1861 theater, which had burned down
However the new theater would burn down in 1890

1875

The first opera in Irkutsk was performed
In April, the foundation for the Kazan Cathedral was laid down

1879

On June 22 and 24 fires in Irkutsk destroyed 2/3 of the city In autumn, horse-carnage service began in the city

1887

Telephones were installed in government, fiscal and social institutions in Irkutsk

1891

The crown prince Nikolai Alexandrovich (the future Nikolai II) arrived in
Irkutsk from Nizhneudmsk who took part in the consecration of a bridge across the Angara

1897

In Irkutsk the construction of a city theater designed by Professor Shreter was
completed

1898

In August, the first train arrived in Irkutsk

1899

An Irkutsk resident, Yakovlev, brought an automobile from France to the city which ran on benzene and was able to travel at 15 versts (10 miles) per hour It could carry 3 people Outside of Zharnikov's pharmacy an asphalt sidewalk was built (the first in Irkutsk)

1901

The first electric lights appeared in Irkutsk

1903

Water piping is laid in downtown Irkutsk

1907

The first transcontinental motor run Peking Pans ran through Irkutsk
Irkutsk s first train station was built

1908

The opening of a monument to Alexandr III was celebrated

1913

By imperial decree the Irkutsk Cadets Corpus (military school) was opened Its director was Major-General Skalon

1917

On December 22, Soviet power was announced in Irkutsk and in the Irkutsk Guberniya

1918

In July, the Siberian Provisional Government took power in Irkutsk
On October 27, the Irkutsk State University opened in the White House (the former residence of the Governor-General) It was made up of two faculties law and history-philosophy More than 500 students enrolled, including 22 priests The first rector of ISU was a former student at the Irkutsk gymnasium, Professor Moisei Rubenshtem

1920

Early in the morning of February 7, on secret orders from Moscow, without trial or witnesses, Admiral Alexander Kolchak and the minister of the Siberian Provisional Government, Pepelyayev, were shot at the confluence of the Ushakovka and Angara rivers Their bodies were thrown in the water under the ice

1926

In January, regular automobile transport began At first, there were two roads for
automobiles 10-person buses made by Ford ran on them Passenger vehicles were located in the Marata suburbs.
In July, the TslK USSR Irkutsk Guberniya was abolished In place of the
guberniya were three okrugs Irkutsky Kirensky and Tulunovsky

1928

The Theater of Working Youths (TWY) appeared in Irkutsk the future
Children s Theater In June, an Irkutsk-Yakutsk air route was opened 2700 versts (1,790 miles) long

1929

The Irkutsk Automobile Factory opened on the location of the former carriage
shop Later, the factory was named for Kuybishev
An aerial postal line from Moscow to Irkutsk opened, the longest air track in the world at that time 4500km (2800 miles)

1930

Irkutsk State University was divided into a medical, pedagogical and financial-economic institutes
The okrug was eliminated and the East Siberian Krai was founded, with its center
in Irkutsk
The Mountain Institute, the predecessor of Irkutsk State Technical University, was opened 1934 A collective farm market was opened

1936

The opening of the Angarsk Bridge was celebrated

1937

The East Siberian Oblast' was divided into the Irkutskaya and Chitmskaya oblasts

1945

As part of the plan for building an oil-refm-ery Angarsk Village - future Angarsk City - was founded

1946

The first asphalt road was laid Rossnskaya (Russian) Road

1947

The first tram ran on the line Central Market Train Station

1956

Beginning of construction on the Irkutsk Aluminum Plant and Shelekhov city
The first helicopter came to the city
The first jet line in the USSR ThefirstTU-104 plane arrived from Moscow

1957

Construction on the first television center began

1959

Irkutsk State Electrical Station (the dam) began continuous operation

1970

Irkutsk was included on the list of protected Russian cities, protecting the historical layout and buildings

1971

A Mongolian consulate opened in Irkutsk It represents Mongolia's interests in Buryatiya Tyva and Irkutskaya Chitinskaya and Kemerovskaya oblasts

1972

The first trolleybus went into operation

1975

Irkutsk reached a population of a half million

1978

A new bridge (over 1 kilometer) opened over the Angara in the Zhilkmo Village region

1995

Irkutsk's city charter was accepted.

2003

Open Alexander III monument

PAGES OF THE PICTURE ALBUM

 

 
 

Best tours to Baikal

Shot tour in Irkutsk city.

Ethnotourism

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Botanical expeditions

Baikal fishing tour

Krugo-Baikalskaya Railway

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About Irkutsk

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About Baikal

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Listvianka

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Irkutsk hotels

- Angara ***

- Baikal Business Center ****

- Delta***

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