Tour to Baikal region. Irkutsk tour. Touring and Travel in Irkutsk Region.
Touring and Travel in Irkutsk Region
WELCOME TO IRKUTSK
Eastern Siberia strikes us with its natural beauty. Lake
Baikal, or "Sacred Sea," is located in
southeastern Siberia, in the Republic of Buryatia and the Irkutsk region,
Russia. At 25-30 million years old, it is the oldest and deepest lake in the
world. It measures 636 km long and 80 km wide at the maximum. It's basin is
made up of three underwater depressions, which together hold a volume of 23,600
cubic km of water, 20% of the world's fresh surface water.
The deepest point in
Lake Baikal is 1637 m, and it has an exceptional clarity which allows 40-50 m
of visibility. The entire surface of the lake freezes over in the winter. Lake
Baikal is home to 1200 different species of animals, and 1000 species of
plants. 80% of the species at Baikal are endemic. The most unique animal at
Baikal is the freshwater seal Phoca siberica, known as the nerpa, which is also
the only mammal which inhabits the lake.
Its 600-kilometer length cuts through Siberia and is an ecosystem of
its own. In 1996 UNESCO recognized it as a world heritage site. Lake Baikal has
more unique species of fish, plants and animals than any other lake in the
world. One of these, the nerpa, is the only fresh water seal in the world.
Lake Baikal provides plenty of opportunities to explore beautiful nature,
either as a stop along the Trans-Siberian, or as a destination of its own.
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