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Kolomenskoye Estate. Museum. Moscow museums. Places to visit. Sight of interest of the Moscow.

Kolomenskoye Estate. Russia museums. Moscow estate. Museum in Moscow. Kolomenskoe.



Kolomenskoye Estate

t's a unique architectural ensemble of the Tsars former country residence that reserved its original layout structure situated on the high right shore of the Moskva River.

The history of this estate goes back to the 6th century B.C. Kolomenskoye was mentioned in the will of Moscow Prince Ivan Kalita in 1336. The village witnessed the triumphant return of Dmitry Donskoy's troops after they defeated the Tatars at Kulikovo in 1380. Peter the Great's troops also stopped here after their victory at Poltava in 1709. Kolomenskoye served for many years as a fortress defending the roads to Moscow. Legend has it that it was founded by the refugees from Kolomna who fled from the Tatar Khan in the early 13th century. Later the estate became the country residence of Russian princes and czars, including Ivan the Terrible and Peter the Great. Receptions for foreign ambassadors were also held here. 

The earliest architectural monument on the estate is the Church of the Ascension built in 1532 by Grand Prince Vassily III to commemorate the birth of his son, the future tsar Ivan the Terrible. 200 feet of high it was one of the tallest Russian buildings in the 16th century and one of the stone churches in the Russian tent-roof style. The church also served as a watchtower. This church has a unique acoustics and festivals of orthodox music is annually carried out here. In 1994 the Church of the Ascension was included in the UNESCO List of the World Historical and Cultural Inheritance.

In 1640 the first tsar of the Romanov dynasty, Mikhail Fyodorovich, ordered the construction of a luxurious wooden palace at Kolomenskoye. It was built in a year entirely without saws or nails and it had 250 rooms and 3000 windows. Thirty years later a covered gallery connected the palace with the newly-built Church of Our Lady of Kazan, a striking blue-domed structure. The palace became known as the "eight wonder of the world" after additions made by Tsar Aleksey. In 1768 Catherine the Great torn down the palace and ordered the construction of a new palace near the Ascension Church. The Napoleonic invaders devastated Catherine's palace in 1812. The 1673 stone-made Palace Gate has survived to this days and greet visitors from the Moskva River.

At present the expositions presenting various fund collections of the museum are shown in buildings of the 16-19th centuries: the Russian ancient painting works, art carving on wood, works of folk arts. Monuments of wooden architecture were moved to territory of Kolomenskoye from different places of Russia: Tower of the stockade for keeping political prisoners built in the middle of the 17th century, Small house of Peter the Great made by himself, Fragment of the fortress wall with a watch tower and the gate made of wood without nail.


  1. Thc Church of the Ascension. 1532

  2. Tho Bell-Tower of St. George. XV

  3. Vodovzvodnaya (Water) Tower. The middle of XVII c.

  4. The Front (Palace) Gates. Organnaya Palata (Organ Chamber) and Sentry Tower. 1673

  5. Prikaznaya Palata (Intondant Chamber). XVI-XVIII

  6. Colonel Chambers and Ice-houses. XVII

  7. The Sytny Yard . XVII

  8. The Church of the icon of Our Lady of Kazan. XVII

  9. The Spassky Gates. XVII

10. The wall of Sovereign Yard. XVII

11. The Church of the Beheading of St. John the Forerunner (the Baptist) in Dyakovo. XVI

12. Pavilion. Household annexe to the Palace dated 1825 Arhitect. E.Tjurin

13. Peter the Great's Cottage. 1702

14. Saint Gates of Nikolo-Korelsky Monastery. XVII


15. The Tower of the Bratsk Stockade. XVII

16. Household annexe from Preobrazhenskoye village. XVIII

17. Fryzhsky cellar. XVII

18. Ancient oaks.

19. Wooden palace and its environs. XVII 

20. Kormovoy (Fodder) Yard. XVII

21. Palaces of XVI, XVIII, XIX c. and their environs.

22. Ponds of XVII c.

23. Fruit gardens. XVII

24. Linden alley. 1825

25. Woman of Polovetsky tribe. XII

26. Sentry little post. XVII

27. Boris stone. XII

28. Monument to Alexander II

29. Medovoye (Honey) Kolomcnskoye complex

30. Stables

31. Country estate of Grobov

Those who are visiting Kolomenskoye may see a combination of world level architecture and landscape of a rare beauty: 600 years old oaks reserved on this ancient land!

  • One day in Kolomenskoe
  • Tsar Aleksei Mikhailovich and Tsar Peter I in Kolomenskoe
  • Maslenitsa
  • Ivan Kupala holiday
  • Russian hospitality
  • Honeyed Kolomenskoe


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