About Irkutsk city. Tour to Irkutsk. Irkutsk tour.
WELCOME TO IRKUTSK REGION
Irkutsk is one of the great Siberian cities and by right considers itself the capital of Eastern Siberia Irkutsk is located at almost the very center of Asia (52'17" North 104'16' East) It is approximately on the same latitude as Orenburg, Saratov Voronezh, Warsaw and Berlin It is 5042 kilometers and 5 time zones from Moscow, and 8 time zones
Irkutsk is laid out on the banks of the Angara River about 66 kilometers from
Lake Baikal and the Angara s confluence with Irkut River from which the city derives its name The city occupies 30600 hectares The city is divided into four administrative districts Sverdlovsky, Lenmsky, Pravoberezhny and Oktyabrsky.
In terms of population Irkutsk is one of the largest cities in Eastern Russia According to the most recent figures from January 1, 2002, 591000 citizens live in the city.
Irkutsk lies between the plains and the mountains. The basic water artery is the Angara
- the only river which flows from Lake Baikal From the West, the Angara is joined by another large river system
- Irkut River and its tributaries Olkha, Kaya - and from the East, Ushakovska River and Kuda River, as well as a
number of smaller streams fn 1955, in connection with the construction of the Irkutsk State Electrical Station Irktusk Reservoir was founded The reservoir is 60 kilometers long and joins with Lake Baikal.
The climate in Irkutsk is Continental to the extreme The winter is frigid and sunny The average temperature in January runs from -15to-35°C.
From January until the end of the winter, Irkutsk is covered by the so-called "Siberian Anticyclone" heightened pressure, dry, cloudless weather and large changes in the temperature between night and day The snow begins to melt in the end of March and in April The first green grass appears as those months depart The spring is very rainy with thunderstorms and it occasionally snows The summer brings hot days and cool nights and frequently considerable precipitation The average temperature in July is +25°C.
A beautiful Indian Summer occurs in late September and October a warm sunny time, painted with the full autumn palette, which leaves an unforgettable impression with everyone who has seen it.
From the moment of its founding, Irkutsk has been a commercial city Occupying an advantageous geographic position, it has played a successful role as a commercial middleman between European Russia on one side and Yakutsk, the Transbaikal, Mongolia China and even Alaska on the other Throughout its history,
Irkutsk has been renowned for its bustling markets and bazaars, and its merchants for their philanthropy Now, Irkutsk is an important commercial industrial center in Eastern Siberia, carrying out trade with 70 foreign countries
Irkutsk is a major transport hub in Eastern Siberia The Trans-Siberian
Railroad, connecting Europe with the nations of Asia and Pacific Rim, runs through Irkutsk
A network of waterways and highways connect Irkutsk with the cities and villages around Baikal, in northern Irkutsk
region, Krasnoyarskiy Krai and the Republic of Buryatiya and
The Irkutsk Airport connects the city with Moscow,
Saint-Petersburg, Vladivostok and many other Russian cities as well as foreign cities near and far.
Irkutsk is a major educational and scientific center in Siberia Nine academic institutes comprise the Irkutsk Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences Siberian Chapter In addition to economic research and institutes of design, the city also maintains a network of educational centers 10 state universities 26 secondary schools and 10 general-education schools.
Modern-day Irkutsk is a major industrial center Its primary industries are electrical production, car manufacturing, production of building materials, food processing, textile, medical industry and many others.
Irkutsk is also home to the General Consulates of Mongolia (11 Lapina street) and Poland (18,
Sukhe-Batora st. )
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