Museum of Natural History of Mongolia. Mongolian geography, ancient volcanoes, stones from the volcanoes. Earth origin, planet studying meteorites
Geological history, useful resources, minerals. Ancient and contemporary botany. Land fauna, mammals, birds, fishes, insects, reptiles, amphibious. Very ancient plant and animals, paleontology.
THE REGIONS OF MONGOLIA
SIGHTS OF INTEREST IN MONGOLIA
MONGOLIAN NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM
The museum was founded in 1924. Exhibits on Mongolia's history, culture and
economic development as well as natural wealth are on display here.
the first national museum was established in Mongolia in 1924, the base of
natural historical museum was found by consisting the principal sections of the
exhibitions with the choicest exhibitions of Mongolian Nature.
When the national central museum was located in present location in 1956, it has
been enriching its exhibitions and expanded as a big natural department, which
has various kinds of geographical, flora, fauna and paleontological exhibits.
The government Resolution, which to classify the museums in different fields
like as the developed countries, was passed and the national central museum was
abolished in 1991. Since 1992, a new museum was established in the place of
national central museum with the purpose of being the leader natural central
museum for the further development, getting foreigners enjoyed in international
level, showing the geological history such as locations of planets and earth
establishment and formations and show the biology characteristics of earth
central zone and named as Museum of Natural History.
Natural history involves historical process of 4.7 milliard years of that is
very long term from the origin of the world until the origin of plant, animal
and human. Thus our museum shows the briefness of these events by exhibitions
and contributes knowledge to peoples mind.
Sometimes called the State Central Museum, the Museum of Natural History is worth a quick
visit. It has exhibits featuring Mongolia's geography, flora and fauna,
including the requisite section with stuffed and embalmed animals, birds and
even fish. Geologists will like the geology section (especially the awesome
meteorites). Likewise, the birders will want to check off what they've seen at
the Ornithological Gallery, stuffed (literally) with over 200 species.
More impressive are the two complete dinosaur skeletons, which were found in
the Gobi - the giant flesh-eating Tarbosaurus, 15m tall and four to five tons in
weight, and the little duck-billed planteating Saurolophus at 'only' 8m. You can
see them from above on the 3rd floor, or enter room 22 on the 2nd floor (ask for
it to be opened if it's locked).
The gallery next door is full of interesting knick-knacks like petrified
wood, dinosaur eggs and huge leg bones, which look like something out of the
Flintstones. There is also a camel museum on the second floor.
The museum is old and rambling, with doors and corridors going all over the
place, so trace your route using the map given out free with your ticket. The
museum is on the corner of Khuvsgalchdyn Orgon Choloo and Sukhbaataryn Gudamj,
one block north-west of the Square. It's open daily in summer from 10 a.m. to
4.30 p.m. (closed Monday and Tuesday in winter).
The museum shop sells a pricey English guidebook to the museum.
The museum consists of:
- Mongolian geography, ancient volcanoes, stones from the volcanoes
- Earth origin, planet studying meteorites
- Geological history, useful resources, minerals
- Ancient and contemporary botany
- Land fauna /mammals, birds, fishes, insects, reptiles, amphibious/
- Very ancient plant and animals /paleontology/
- Human origin
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