Trip to Russia.Trip to Mongolia.Trip to China. Train. Train time table in Russian, Mongolian and Chinese cities. Train tickets. Train e-tickets in Russian domestic trains.

English Russian

 Main page   About us   Contact    Terms & Conditions   On-line Payment  Site map

Coat of arms of Mongolia, state symvol, Mongolian flag.

TRIP TO MONGOLIA

INFORMATION FOR TRAVELERS

COAT OF ARMS OF MONGOLIA, STATE SYMBOL, FLAG
 

Mongolians have for centuries had a high respect for the symbols of state. The national symbols of the Huns, one of the nation's ancestor tribes, were the sun, moon and fire. The symbols of the empire founded by Chinggis Khaan were the Nine White Banners (representing peace) and the Black Banner (representing strength).

The symbol of the Bogd Khaan monarchy from 1911 was the soyombo, which in 1924, at the first meeting of the Great Assembly (parliament), was adopted as Mongolia's national emblem. The soyombo has a long tradition as a national emblem, having been invented by Undur Gegeen Zanabazar, a descendant of Chinggis Khaan and founder of Mongolian Lamaism. He claimed the emblem had mystical meanings, and included the sun, moon and fire at the top.

The 1992 People's Assembly (Parliament) adopted a Constitution to include:
 

  • the national emblem
  • the flag
  • the Nine White Banners
  • the anthem
COAT OF ARMS OF MONGOLIA

The official coat of arms of Mongolia (Mongolian: Монгол улсын төрийн сүлд, Mongol ulsyn töriin süld) was adopted in 1992 following the fall of the communist government. The outer rim features a tumen nusan, symbolizing eternity, surrounding a circular blue field, symbolizing the sky. On the centre of the field is a combination of the Soyombo symbol and the wind horse (treasured steed), symbolizing Mongolia's independence, sovereignty, and spirit. Above the field is a chandmani, representing the Buddhist Three Jewels, which in Mongolian folklore grants wishes, and symbolizes past, present, and future. Below the central emblem is a green mountain range, with the wheel of destiny at the center. On the bottom of the mountain range and wheel is a khadag, a ceremonial scarf.

FLAG OF MONGOLIA

The current flag of Mongolia was adopted on February 12, 1992. It is similar to the flag of 1949, except for the removal of the socialist star. It has three equal, vertical bands of red (hoist side), blue, and red. Centered on the hoist-side red band in yellow is the national emblem (the Soyombo symbol - a columnar arrangement of abstract and geometric representations of fire, sun, moon, earth, water, and the Taijitu or Yin-Yang symbol).

Монгольский символ Соёмбо.STATE SYMBOL

The symbol of Bogd Khaan monarchy from 1911 was the Soyombo, which was adopted as Mongolia's national emblem in 1924 at the first meeting of the Great Assembly (parliament). The Soyombo has a long tradition as a national emblem, having been invented by Under Gegeen Zanabazar, a descendant of Chinggis Khaan and founder of Mongolian Lamaism. The People's Assembly held in 1992 adopted a Constitution to include: the national emblem, the flag, the Nine White Banners and the anthem.
 

The biographies of Undurge-geen Zanabazar, who created the Mongolian alphabet in 1686, are significant because they contain the Soyombo alphabet, a symbol of Mongolian independence and sovereignty and the state emblem.
Although the alphabet has not been adopted in general, many old manuscripts written in Soyombo have been stored in the Erdene Zuu monastery, now a museum, where there is a unique book on the history of the Soyombo alphabet, published by Lama Dambadorj in 1799.
 

One excerpt from the treasured writings by Undurgegeen Zanabazar in Soyombo script reads: "By the mercy of the heavens in the year of the Fiery Snow Leopard, the last year of the eleventh sixty years, many ideas of the holy man Zanabazar were realized. It was then that Bogd (one of the titles of the highest lama) transferred his throne to the datsan (monastery) of Ribogei-Gandan-Shadiblin from where he spread his spiritual power over the land of the Blue Mongolians. In that year he cast his eternally famous statue of the serene faced Goddess Tara. During the twelve days of the month of the Monkey, Zanabazar completed his life's work, the Soyombo alphabet."
 

The Soyombo is a timeless and treasured combination of Mongolian historical and cultural identities and wisdom:
 

  • The three-pointed flame on the top of the Soyombo symbolizes the flourishing of all people young and old, past, present and future.
     
  • The representation of the sun and moon under the flame represents the everlasting blue sky and indestructibility of Mongolia.
     
  • The triangle under the flame, sun and moon, represents a sharp spearhead to protect the nation from all enemies.
     
  • The small shield-like rectangle on the Soyombo represents honesty, stability and loyalty.
     
  • The yin-yang circle encloses male and female fish. Mongolians believe that fish never close their eyes and have many offspring, so this is a sign to stay alert and have a big family.
     
  • The two vertical oblongs on the side represent a wall. If Mongolians remain in harmony with their motherland, they will be stronger than any iron wall. The Soyombo exhorts Mongolians to flourish like a flame; to be as bright as the sun and moon; as straight as an arrow; safe as Armour; alert and plentiful as fish and as strong as an iron wall.
NATIONAL ANTHEM OF MONGOLIA

The National Anthem of Mongolia was created in 1950. The music is a composition by Bilegiin Damdinsüren (1919 - 1991) and Luvsanyamts Murdorj (1915 - 1996), the lyrics were written by Tsendiin Damdinsüren (1908 - 1988).
 

Over the twentieth century, Mongolia had several national anthems. The first one was used between 1924 and 1950. The second between 1950 and 1962, and a third one between 1961 and 1991. Since 1991, most of the anthem of 1950 is used again, but the second verse (praising Lenin, Stalin, Sükhbaatar, and Choibalsan) has been removed. On July 6th, 2006 the lyrics were revised by the Mongolian Parliament to commemorate Genghis Khan.
 

English Translation
 

Our unwavering independent nation
All Mongols' sacred ancestry
All world's good deeds
Always stable, forever continue
 

With all honest nations of the world
Strengthen our bonds
With all our will and strength
Let's develop our beloved Mongolia
 

Our great nation's symbol blesses
The people's fate supports
Our ancestry, culture and language
Let's forever cherish and prosper
 

Bright peoples of brave Mongolia
Have freedom and happiness
Key to happiness, column for prosperity
Our great country prosper
 

PICTURES ALBUM
Здание правительства Монголии на площади Сухэбатора
 
 

- About Mongolia

- The state symbols of Mongolia

- Fact for visitor

- Geographical features 

- Climate

- History

- Population

- Language and writing

- Water reserve

- Flora and fauna

- Map of Mongolia
 

 

- Historical essentials of Mongolian culture

- Mongolian art and culture

- Mongolian script

- Mongolian music

- Fine art

- Mongolian theatre

- Mongolian dance

- Mongolian cinema

- National Circus
 

 

- Nomads cuisine

- Mongolian milk

- White food of the Mongol

- Mongolian ger

- Morin Khur

- Mongol Zurag New!!!

- Tsagaan sar

- Naadam festivale
 

 

- Hotel

- Tourist camps.

- Train time table (Ulaanbaatar).

- International flight time table.

- Domestic flight time table in Mongolia.
 

 

 

Nation/Region

MNT Rate

USA(Dollar)

E.U (Euro)

Japan (Yen)

Russia(Rub)

China(Yuan)

S.Korea (Won)

Currency data courtesy coinmill.com

Classic tours 

Horse riding tours 

Trekking tours 

Short tours

Fishing tours

Automobile tours

Special tours

Mongolia - Baikal

Mongolia - China

 

General information

Facts for the visitors

Mongolian history

Mongolian art and culture

The regions of Mongolia

The maps of Mongolia 

Information for driver

Naadam festival

Fishing in Mongolia

Mongolia photo album

 

About Ulaanbaatar

Sights of interest

Ulaanbaatar museums

Ulaanbaatar monasteries

Art Galleries in Ulaanbaatar

Ulaanbaatar Suburbs

 

Train and plane time table 

- Ulaanbaatar train time table

- International flight time table

- Domestic flight time table

Hotels in Ulaanbaatar

Tourist camps in Mongolia

Mongolian visas.

Diplomatic representatives
         of Mongolia

The embassies in Mongolia

 

Accommodation booking 

- Hotel

- Home stay

- Tourist camp in Mongolia

Ticket booking

- Air ticket

- Train ticket

Visa support service

- Invitation to Mongolia

- Russian visa support

Other services 

- Guide service in Mongolia

- Transfer

- Reservation car in Mongolia

- Camping equipment

   

Яндекс цитирования

Рейтинг@Mail.ru
Рейтинг@Mail.ru

Яндекс.Метрика