INFORMATION FOR TRAVELERS
MONGOLIAN LEGENDARY PERSONS
SUKHBAATAR, THE HERO (1893-1923)
The central square of Ulaanbaatar, capital city of Mongolia, is named after D.Sukhbaatar.
It won't take long before you wonder who Damdin Sukhbaatar is - a
statue of the man astride a horse dominates the square named after him in Ulaanbaatar, his face is on many currency notes, and there is a provincial
capital and aimag called Sukhbaatar.
Sukhbaatar is one of the first seven revolutionists | who set up an
underground group and visited the Soviet Union to establish ties and
request help for their revolutionary cause to free the Mongolian people
from foreign exploiters and present them with their freedom.
The first general of the Mongolian People's
Revolutionary Army, D. Sukhbaatar, was born in the Amgalan village of Ikh Khuree
- the capital of that time (1893). Since 1911, having served in the army of Bogd
Khaan for seven years, he had become a combatant commander.
At about 20 years of age, D. Sukhbaatar
experienced the country's independence, having taken part in 168 small and large
battles, which he personally led to 120 victories.
In a song of respect, and being proud of its
outstanding son, the Mongolian people have named the central square after him
and erected a monument to him.
Between 1921 and 1923, D.Sukhbaatar was the Army
General and, since 1922, the Minister of Military. Two years after the People's
Revolutionary victory, or in 1923, the young general passed away due to illness
in his 30th year.
For his merit, the People's Government has
granted him the title of "Brave Hero" and the Soviet Government has honored him
the Red Flag Order.
D. Sukhbaatar had close relations with the last
Khaan of Mongolia, Bogd Gegeen and fought for the country's national
independence, but did not intend to spread Bolshevik ideas in Mongolia. His
death, therefore, aroused suspicion.
On the occasion of the General's birth
anniversary, O. Navaan studying the spiritual heritage of D. Sukhbaatar, hosted
an exhibition at the Mongolian Museum of National History to display historical
documents, photographs, badges, and other articles related to the historical
phenomenon, collected during 42 years. The collection of O.Navaan numbers over
480 exhibits, including the rarest photographs which the National Archives do
Museum of National
History has many interesting exhibits related to D. Sukhbaatar and his
spouse S. Yanjmaa, including a Mauser pistol, whip, clothes, cups, etc. The
number of exhibits exceeds 100 and one of the most interesting is an axe with
broken handle. This was found by the General's father, Damdin, and taken as a
good omen when Sukhbaatar was born, and so he gave his son the name of "Sukh",
which means axe in Mongolian.
He packed a lot in a short life - he was dead at 30, The exact cause of his death has never been known, and he did not live to see Mongolia proclaimed a republic.